14 Symptoms And Common Signs Of Neuropathy

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Neuropathy refers to general diseases that affect a person’s nerves. These nerves are in charge of sending messages from the brain, spinal cord and central nervous system to the rest of the body. Simply explained, this disease leads to a malfunctioning of the nerves, and is normally classified depending on which type or location of the nerves that happen to be affected, as well as the type of disease that could be causing it as well.
There are four commonly known types of neuropathy as follows:
1. Peripheral Neuropathy – This is when the nerves that are affected are the ones found outside of the brain and spinal cord. This usually affects the feet, legs, toes, arms, hands, fingers. And when the term Proximal Neuropathy is used, it is in reference to damage that is specific to the shoulders, hips, thighs or buttocks
2. Cranial Neuropathy – This affects any of the 12 cranial nerves that exit the brain directly. Normally, there are two types of cranial neuropathy, optic and auditory. Optic neuropathy affects the optic nerves that handle the transmittal of visual signals form the retina to the brain. Auditory neuropathy, on the other hand, is in charge of carrying signals from the inner ear to the brain for listening.
3. Autonomic Neuropathy – This type is when there is damage to the involuntary nervous system nerves that control the heart and blood circulation and blood pressure, bowel and bladder function, digestion, perspiration and sexual response, and in other cases, damage to other organs as well.
4. Focal Neuropathy – This is when the disease affects just one nerve or group of nerves, or one particular area of the body, hence, focal.
Due to the wide range of nerves that are affected by neuropathy, most cases are classified depending on the type or location of the nerves that are affected or damaged. There are also some cases that have no identifiable cause, making it much more difficult to diagnose and treat. There are around 20 million people in the United State alone that are dealing with this disease, with most cases identified under peripheral neuropathy.
In order to help diagnose and understand it better, here are 16 symptoms and common signs to watch out for.

1. Pain

Patients that are suffering from neuropathy often site pain as the first and most common of all symptoms. The pain that they are referring to is usually explained as burning, stabbing or throbbing in nature, but regardless of the difference in the type of pain, what’s the same is how intense it usually it. The reason behind such bad pain is because nerve damage sends out wrong or jumbled signals to a variety of pain centers around the body due to the damaged nerve fibers. Depending on the type of nerve damage a person has due to their specific type of neuropathy, the pain will be felt in those body parts. For example, if a person is suffering from diabetic neuropathy, the pain will normally be felt in the feet at first, but one thing is usually the same, no matter what type of neuropathy a person has, they will most likely feel intense pain.