How Tornadoes – Natures Most Violent Storms Are Formed

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Tornadoes are natures most violent storms and they are not only incredibly destructive, but they can be extremely deadly too.

So how do tornadoes form? Here are the deets.

Most tornadoes form in supercell thunderstorms, which are particularly strong and long-lasting compared to regular thunderstorms. These storms have a rotating column of air called a vortex in their center.

Then you have what is called an updraft and downdraft. This is when warm, moist air rises rapidly inside the thunderstorm in a current called an updraft. This updraft interacts with cooler air sinking down as rain or hail (downdraft). This creates instability within the storm.

Next comes the ‘wind shear’ which is the change in wind speed and direction with height. In a supercell, strong wind shear stretches and intensifies the vortex, making it spin even faster.

When all of these situations align, a funnel is formed. As the vortex spins faster, it pulls warm air and moisture upwards, forming a visible rotating funnel cloud.

As the funnel forms it will begin to get closer and closer to the ground. The downdraft of cool air interacts with the spinning funnel, focusing its energy and causing it to narrow and accelerate. When the funnel touches the ground, a tornado is born.

If you live in an area where tornadoes are often present, you must be vigilant and have a safety plan in effect should a tornado form near you.