Is Bitcoin Mining A Disaster For The Environment?

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Financial Times

Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are revolutionary and are considered the future of money and technology. But in reality, mining cryptocurrencies have a destructive impact on the environment. Miners require powerful computers to solve complex mathematical algorithms and evolve bitcoin, but the computing power is exceptionally high. The demand for cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, XRP, Cardano, Dogecoin, Ethereum, Binance Coin, and Tether increases. All these cryptocurrencies require computing power and an internet connection. It puts a lot of force on the creation process of cryptocurrencies.

Mining is the process through which digital currencies like bitcoin get developed. Crypto mining is a complex process where miners solve mathematical equations that need massive processing power and electricity. The mining operations vary in size, from smartphones and home computers to massive server warehouses with thousands of machines working endlessly every day. In the mining process, thousands of computers work considerately and solve millions of calculations to mine crypto coins and feed crypto networks. Learn about new technologies used in the crypto world through The News Spy Bot.

Miners record all the cryptocurrency transactions on a decentralized and independent network known as the blockchain. Blockchain is the technology on which the entire Bitcoin network depends. It is a list of records referred to as blocks that contain information on bitcoin transactions. Each block is linked with its previous block and contains transactional data, previous block, and timestamp information. The definitive goal of mining is to solve cryptographic puzzles, also referred to as hash puzzles, and earn block rewards in the form of digital coins.

Satoshi Nakamoto, the inventor of bitcoin, developed this so that individuals with computers can mine bitcoin and get rewards in return.

Consumption Of Electricity

Mining has become a lucrative business in today’s time. As a result, the total amount of electricity that digital coins consume is increasing dramatically. Experts estimate that by 2021, the bitcoin network would require around 130 terawatt-hours (TWh) of power, which means 1700% more energy is necessary than the most popular search engine, Google. Experts also estimate that by 2022, mining bitcoin will require more electricity as compared to all data centers located across the world. The electricity consumption is high, which is why crypto miners plan to shift their rig farms and investments to specific countries where electricity is cheap; China is one of those locations.

Coal is helpful to generate around two-thirds of power in China. The consequence of this is the extreme increase in carbon footprint globally. Most of the Chinese miners are responsible for carrying out around 75% of bitcoin mining operations. By 2024, crypto miners expect that they will produce 140 million metric tons of carbon dioxide releases. By looking at mining operations in China, other countries like New York are also bringing down their greenhouse gas emissions. New York expects to bring greenhouse gas emissions to 35.4 million metric tons by the end of 2050.

Additionally, it is essential to note that a bitcoin transaction has 800,000 times more carbon footprint than a credit card transaction. Today, the time has come when the planet needs to cut down the greenhouse gas and carbon emissions because of global warming, but the only thing that is making the situation worse is cryptocurrency mining. Some parts of the digital world are moving towards building coal-based industries, while some are looking for renewable energy to help save the planet.

Unfortunately, crypto miners also generate problems at regional, local and national levels as they cause blackouts, grid overloads, and electricity shortages. These grid overloads and electricity shortages occur in areas where miners have server farms and operate mining operations without following the regulations set by the government.

Lack Of Infrastructure Requirements

The exponential growth of cryptocurrencies has led to the need for infrastructure requirements. In simple words, computers and other equipment manufacturers are shifting to suitable places where production expenses are less to make their hardware capable of mining cryptocurrencies. For consumers, it has resulted in a lack of availability of digital devices that include gaming consoles, smartphones, electric vehicles, portable computers, and more. All this has occurred because of computer chip shortages globally.