Safeguard Yourself From These 7 Common Diseases

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Common diseases are largely widespread and recurring in nature. This is because they are nature ailments which are generally misdiagnosed, avoided or self-medicated.  This is why the symptoms pertaining to various common diseases should not be ignored for a long time. If one does not have the time for a doctor’s consultation, they can use an online doctor consultation platform to ask a doctor in real-time about their symptoms. Following are the most commonly occurring diseases and medical conditions-


1. Conjunctivitis– Commonly known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is a condition characterized by inflammation and redness of the conjunctiva. It is a highly contagious illness and commonly occurs in children. Viruses, bacteria, and other irritants such as dust and smoke are the general causes behind conjunctivitis. It is generally advised to not self- diagnose and self-medicate this condition as eyes are very sensitive. Hospital facilities such as that of Narayana Nethralaya houses a panel of best eye doctors that can help one to recover.


2. Urinary Tract Infection- A urinary tract infection is caused by a bacterial infection in any specific location within the urinary system, which includes the bladder, ureters, kidneys and the urethra. This condition can cause a lot of irritation and discomfort to the patient. Females are at a higher risk of contracting the disease than males. The basic symptoms associated with this infection are-

  • Persistent urge to urinate
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Pain and constant discomfort in the pelvic region
  • Blood in the urine
  • Frequent urination in small amounts at small intervals of time


3. Bronchitis- It is an illness characterized by the inflammation in the bronchial tubes. It is of two major types namely chronic and acute. Acute bronchitis is very commonly occurring and easily treatable by taking a prescribed course of medication. Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, is a more severe and recurring condition which is characterized by the constant irritation in the lungs caused mainly due to excessive smoking. The main symptoms associated with this illness are-

  • A cough
  • Production of excessive mucus
  • Tiredness
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Major discomfort in the chest
  • Fever
  • Cold hand and feet
  • Shortness of breath



4. Common Cold-

It is an infection in the upper respiratory tract characterized by a runny nose, cough, and sore throat and sneezing. The main determinants of a common cold may be various viral infections. It is a contagious illness and is a recurring condition in most parts of the world. Common cold may also lead to fever, body ache and severe headache.


5. Insomnia- Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by a feeling of constant unrest and difficulty in falling asleep. Some patients suffering from insomnia have difficulty to have a sound sleep and keep waking up in between. This condition is of 2 major types, it can be short term or long term depending on the factors contributing to the condition. The patients may typically find it difficult to fall asleep despite being tired, sleep for a small span of time, wake up very early or feel as if they haven’t slept throughout the night. The major causes behind a person developing an insomniac condition are-

  • Being under too much stress
  • Having mental unrest
  • Consuming too much caffeine
  • Working against the biological clock
  • Traveling long duration or being jet-lagged


6. Bipolar Disorder-Bipolar disorder is a medical condition that affects the mental health of an individual causing extreme mood fluctuation between emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). Also referred to as manic depression, this condition is a lifelong illness. The exact cause of this condition has not been ascertained to date, but it is a well-known fact that various genetic and environmental factors contribute to the mental well-being of a person.



7. Dehydration– This is an ailment caused by the loss of excess water than the normal amount. This results in a lack of water to carry out the usual functions in the body leading to multiple adversities. The mineral and vitamin levels of the body are directly affected by the lack of water.

A healthy human body is made up of two-third parts of water. The most common cause of occurrence of this condition is drinking less water than the body release in the form of urine and sweat.

It is generally characterized by extreme thirst and tiredness. In extreme cases, the patient has a rapid heartbeat and general discomfort.

The above-mentioned illnesses are most commonly occurring and should be treated properly post consulting a doctor.