The Global Peace Index or GPI report gauges each country with a list of criteria to determine how safe or peaceful that country is. These criteria fall under two categories: Internal Peace, which include intensity of internal conflict, deaths from internal conflict, and violent crime, among 11 others; and the External Peace, which include neighbouring countries relations, deaths from external conflict, and refugees and IDPs, among 6 others, for a total of 23 items factored to arrive at the GPI.
The GPI scale is 1 – 5, with 1 being the most peaceful, and 5 the least peaceful. As of June 2019, the countries considered among the safest and most peaceful are Iceland, New Zealand, Portugal, Austria, and Denmark.
At the other end of the spectrum are considered the most dangerous countries to live in, and here they are.